How did the ancients celebrate the Lantern Festival?
How did the ancients celebrate the Lantern Festival?There is a folk saying, “after the fifteenth day of the first month, the year is over”, the fifteenth day of the first month is our Lantern Festival, so how did the ancients celebrate the Lantern Festival?Today, let’s explore it together!The Lantern Festival on the 15th day of the first lunar month, also known as “Shangyuan Festival”, “Shangyuan Festival”, “Little First month”, “Yuanxi” or “Lantern Festival”, is the first important festival after the Spring Festival, is one of the traditional festivals of The Chinese culture circle and overseas Chinese.The 15th day of the first full moon is called the Lantern Festival.Traditional Lantern Festival began in the qin dynasty more than 2000 years ago, the period of han dynasty the Chinese emperor ordered the declared the fifteenth day of the Lantern Festival, Lantern Festival candidates.if your three years, the Chinese emperor in changan on grove flat optimistic big square, make a large literary evening, dance star, acrobats qi, citizen, emperor Liu Che also opened since hi model on the stage.The Lantern Festival in the Tang Dynasty did not last for one day, as it does today, but lasted for three days, during which the curfew was lifted and people were allowed to come out at night to enjoy themselves unfettered.In order to facilitate night carnival, the custom of appreciating lanterns was born.It is said that Tang Ruizong also specially ordered people to build a 60-meter-high “Tang Dynasty Clear sky tower”, above the point of 50,000 lights, have to say, the Tang Dynasty people are really bold.This is really brightly lit, flowers and moon, infinite beautiful.Women in the Song Dynasty did not “hide in boudoir”, but often “ladies often go out at night, eat tea in that”.When the lights come on, the beautiful women begin to paint their faces and walk among the lights.Ancient people in the Lantern Festival not only have fun, but also “steal” fun.Some areas still have the custom of “stealing vegetables for love” Lantern Festival.On the Lantern Festival, girls would “steal” vegetables from the families of non-members of the opposite sex, hoping to “steal” a good marriage.In addition to stealing vegetables, people also stole other things, such as stealing lights, sending lights or stealing lights to wish for the birth of children has been very early in the custom, “Sui Shi Guang Ji” quoted from “Bencao” said that in the Song Dynasty, people believed that lanterns on the 15th day of the first lunar month could give birth to children.If a couple steals a lamp from someone else’s house and puts it under the bed, they can get pregnant that month.Guessing lantern riddles is one of the highlights of the Lantern Festival.In the Qing Dynasty, people who loved guessing lantern riddles even set up an organization called the Riddle Society.The group, along with square dancing ladies and take-out boys, is known as the “three mysterious organizations.”This organization had a great influence, even the emperor was involved in it, such as the “Bamboo West Empress Society”, “shooting tiger Society”, “Ping Society” and other lantern riddles organization.Through the ages, the custom of Lantern Festival has been passed down in different periods in different regions, but the only thing that remains unchanged is people’s expectation and pursuit of perfection.Finally, I will share with you a poem by Xin Qiji, a poet of the Southern Song Dynasty, describing the Lantern Festival.Qingyu case · Yuan Evening Dongfeng night flower trees.More blown, stars such as rain.BMW carved car fragrance full road.The sound of the flute moves, the jade pot turns, and the fish and dragon dance all night.Gold thread of moth and willow.The laughter is fragrant.looking for him for thousand times in the crowdSuddenly look back, that person is in, lights dim.In fact, the Lantern Festival has been the name of Chinese Valentine’s Day for a long time.The Lantern Festival was the most interesting festival for ancient women.In ancient times, bound by feudal ethics, women were confined to their family for three steps. Only during the Lantern Festival and Shangsi Festival (the third day of the third lunar month) could they go out to watch lanterns or have a tryst with their favorite man.Everyone a lot of people may not know, yuanxiao is also a custom is to walk the disease notes “White under Zoyan” ever recorded: “the first month of the old look, the city visitors such as ants, xiao drum pipe music sound, near and far, that walk the disease.”Walking sickness” originally had a specific group, all adult women.The Ming Dynasty “walk all diseases on the city head” said: “Sister Yuanxiao companion tour.”The Ming Dynasty Zhou used “Walk all Kinds of diseases” has this description: “The capital city light city Spring peak, everyone in the same small family festival.All the bride and sister-in-law, meet to dress up and go away.”Later, the group of patients with all kinds of diseases gradually expanded to men and women respectively walking together, that is, “scholars and women to walk at night.”The women who live in seclude in ordinary days, once they have a “proper” opportunity to travel freely and fly their bodies and minds, they will never easily miss this auspicious day.”Walk the disease” is huge, the streets are crowded, bustling, people hand in hand, together into a team travel, magnificent.Gan Xi, a famous literati in the late Qing Dynasty, recorded in His book Bai Xia Shuyan, “On the first day of the New Year, tourists in the city were like ants, and the sound of xiao, drum and pipe music was heard near and far.” “Every family’s children crossed the bridge” and “female companions invited each other to walk across the bridge.””Walking all kinds of diseases” generally has a conventional and habitual route and landmark gathering point, namely “bridge” and “city wall”.”Sisters pull clothes across the bridge” “Jin Wu can not help climbing the city” are true portrayal.Every bridge must be crossed; every wall must be climbed.Some places have the number of bridge requirements, if not enough, still need to be manually built, frame wood for the bridge.Insect 2 notes public reminder spring march, this hair Chen, all things are born, heaven and earth to glory.In Traditional Chinese medicine, spring is the time of growth and rejuvenation.Therefore, slip disease is to adapt to the spring season, the maintenance of the gas.So, in a sense, Lantern Festival is also the traditional Chinese Valentine’s Day.Are you familiar with the custom of Lantern Festival?Eating Yuanxiao on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month is a long-standing custom in China.People eat tangyuan on the Lantern Festival, which actually means missing their loved ones and longing for reunion.The custom of enjoying Lantern Festival began in the Eastern Han Dynasty.According to legend, Emperor Yongping han years, because emperor Ming advocated Buddha, in order to promote Buddha, they ordered the fifteenth night of the first month in the palace and temple, burning lamps table Buddha.It is recorded that guessing lantern riddles became a kind of game during the Lantern Festival in the Southern Song Dynasty.At the beginning of the riddle is the trouble-maker to write on the note, posted on the colorful lanterns for people to guess, known as lantern riddles.For thousands of years, it has formed a unique folk culture.Lion dance every Lantern Festival or assembly celebrations, folk to the lion dance to add to the fun.The lion dance is civil and martial. The lion dance is gentle and tame, including shaking and rolling.Wu Lion shows the ferocity of the lion, including leaping, kicking high, and rolling colorful balls.Dragon Dance, also known as “dragon dance” or “dragon Dance”, was quite common in the Han Dynasty.In the “She Huo” and “Dance team” performances of tang and Song dynasties, “playing dragon lantern” was a common form of performance.Play in the law, different styles, each with its own characteristics.Walk all kinds of diseases is the custom of the North since the Ming and Qing Dynasties, also called swim all kinds of diseases, scattered all kinds of diseases, bake all kinds of diseases, walk the bridge, is a kind of activity to eliminate disaster pray for health.On the night of the Lantern Festival, women meet to go out and walk together. They will cross the bridge when they see it.Chasing mouse by mouse is a traditional folk activity during the Lantern Festival, which began in the Wei and Jin dynasties.Mainly to the sericulture people.Since rats often eat silkworms at night, it is said that if rats are fed rice porridge on the 15th day of the first lunar month, they can stop eating silkworms.Welcome zigu ancient folk customs on the fifteenth day of the first month to meet the toilet god Zigu and sacrifice, divination sericulture, and occupy the masses.On this day, people use straw and cloth to tie up life-sized zigu’s portrait and worship her in the pigsty between toilets at night.Truly reflects the toiling people kind, loyal, sympathy for the weak thoughts and feelings.In ancient times, there were “seven sacrifices”, these are two of them.The method of sacrifice is to place a poplar branch above the door, stick a pair of chopsticks in a bowl of bean porridge, or put wine and meat directly in front of the door.Walking on stilts is a popular folk art performance.Stilts, one of the 100 operas in ancient China, appeared as early as the Spring and Autumn Period.Finally, I wish you all, happy days are high, happy Lantern Festival!