Review: Biography of Li Yu

2022-05-18 0 By

Li Yu (July 1906 – May 1986), originally named Li Xingtang, ethnic name Li Yuren, male, han nationality.Because the revolutionary work needs, take “Li” word homophonic “Li”, alias Li Yu.He was the founder of the First Party branch in Guoxian County, the founder of the Anti-japanese Revolutionary Base in Shandong province, and an alternate member of the central Committee of the former Seventh National Congress of the Communist Party of China.He spent sixty years of his life revolutionized, falsely accused, unpessimistic, enduring hardships and great persistence, making indelible contributions to the Cause of The Chinese revolution.Alternate member of the seventh Central Committee of the COMMUNIST Party of China (ministerial-level).Li Yu was born in a wealthy peasant family in Dongye Village.In 1916, he went to school in the village private school, in 1920, daniudian town senior primary school.When he was young, he showed a rare moral character of his peers: fairness and justice, courage and knowledge for things, dare to bear;An active mind, receptive to new things, not constrained by conservative family wealth;He was admitted to guoxian County Middle School in 1923 with excellent results.High school, he deeply “May 4th” movement, the influence of new thoughts and culture, active in the summer of 1924 and some bright students actively participate in groups – development club, voracious reading the communist manifesto, communist party wizard weekly and lu xun, li dazhao, Chen duxiu and others, encouraged, broadened horizons,The formation of the proletarian world view.In 1925, the “May 30” movement broke out, he actively organized and led the school students to take to the streets, went to the countryside to publicize, in the name of the Student Union wall newspaper, propaganda progressive ideas.1926 Liu Baocui returned to the Guozhong, based on the reading club, “nine poor” as the backbone, established and developed the first Party branch in Guoxian County, introduced Li Yu joined the Communist Party of China, after Liu Baocui left school, Li Yu was elected president of the Student Union, took over the secretary of the Party branch.From then on, he began his 60-year revolutionary career of hard struggle for the party’s cause.After the April 12 counter-revolutionary coup in 1927, Li Yu lost contact with the Party organization.However, he remained firm in his belief and finally found the Party organization in Peiping after several twists and turns.Around 1930, he was admitted to the Law School of Peiping University, and successively served as the secretary of the Party branch, secretary of the Municipal Working Committee of Peiping, and secretary of the Municipal Party Committee of Tianjin and Tangshan. In order to restore the leading organs of the Party, the construction and development of workers and peasants armed forces, witty and brave fighting in the front line.At the beginning of 1934, tangshan Municipal Party Committee headed by Li Yu led the anti-imperialist strike of the Kailuan Minmetals General Alliance of 30,000 people, which shocked the whole world, with a grand scale and far-reaching influence.Liu Shaoqi gave full affirmation, chairman MAO also gave high evaluation on the second Congress of the Chinese Soviet.At the beginning of 1934, the struggle situation in Shandong was extremely sinister and complicated, with traitor spies running rampant and the Party organization being severely damaged. In April, Li Yu was ordered to restore and rebuild party organizations at all levels in Shandong province and served as the secretary of the Provincial Party Committee in accordance with the instructions of the Up Bureau of the COMMUNIST Party of China.On May 1, in a graveyard outside Jinan, Li Yu presided over the first meeting of the provincial Reconstruction Committee, conveying instructions from the central and northern bureons, arranging tasks, and instructing how to take emergency measures in case of accidents.Li Yu was only 30 years old. In less than half a year, provincial party organizations at all levels developed rapidly on the original basis with his mature and sophisticated working style and superb fighting art.In 1937, when the War broke out, the central government gave clear instructions to establish an anti-japanese armed force in Shandong and organize an armed uprising.On January 1, 1938, Li yu led soraishan’s armed uprising against Japanese aggression and held the concurrent post of political commissar.In April 1938, Li Yu went to Yan ‘an to report to the CPC Central Committee. Chairman MAO happily introduced Li Yu to Zhou Enlai, Zhu De and other comrades who attended the meeting, fully affirmed and highly praised Li Yu’s work, and called on them to learn from the working methods and experience of Shandong Province.In 1939, xu xiangqian, in accordance with the instructions of the central government, organized the Anti-japanese column of the Eighth Route Army of Shandong and unified command of local armed forces. Li Yu was appointed political commissar of the Shandong Column.In August 1940, a promotion committee for wartime work was convened in Shandong. Li Yu was appointed as the chief leader and exercised the functions and powers of the Shandong provincial government.In March 1943, the Central Military Commission decided to establish shandong Military Region, Luo Ronghuan served as commander and political commissar, Li Yu served as deputy political commissar and deputy secretary of Shandong Branch, as Luo Shuai’s close comrade-in-arms, right hand man.He worked enthusiastically and bravely, making great contributions to the consolidation and development of shandong anti-japanese revolutionary base areas and the growing strength of anti-japanese armed forces.With shandong people forged a deep friendship, in the broad masses enjoy a deep prestige.At the beginning of the War of Liberation, Luo Ronghuan led the main force of 60,000 people to northeast China, Chen Yi led the New Fourth Army to Shandong, And Li Yu acted as the deputy political commissar of the New Fourth Army, the deputy political commissar of the East China Military Region, and the chairman of the Shandong Provincial People’s Government.He took charge of land reform, issued notices, detailed land division, confiscation, acquisition, distribution and other matters, properly dealt with problems in the work;We focused on industrial and commercial economic work, suppressed and stabilized prices, and averted the crisis of falling currency value and rising prices. In the base areas, we saw a great situation of donating grain, joining the army and supporting the army.Chairman MAO once said, “Most of the work in Shandong should be entrusted to Li Yu.” Li Yu lived up to the expectations of the public, worthy of the Party and the people, worthy of the red land he had devoted a lot of blood and sweat (he had been wounded and shed blood) to create.At present, in the memorial hall of Shandong Anti-japanese Base area, the bust bronze statue of Li Yu and precious pictures and text materials are the best memorial for him by shandong people.In 1948, under the auspices of Rao Shu-shi and Kang Sheng, Li Yu was unjustly criticized and falsely accused, but he believed in the Party and the people and in the justice of history and bore the humiliation.The case weighed heavily for 39 years. On March 13, 1986, the central government rehabilitated the case and restored his political reputation.After the founding of New China, Li Yu served as a member of Shanghai Municipal Party Committee, secretary General of Shanghai Municipal Party Committee, member of East China Military and Political Committee and director of Shanghai Municipal Construction Committee. He assisted Mayor Chen Yi in the restoration and construction of new Shanghai and devoted a lot of efforts.After being transferred to Beijing in 1953, he served as vice Minister of the First Machinery Department, Executive Vice Minister of the Agricultural Machinery Department and the Eighth Machinery Department, Deputy Secretary of the Party Group, and member of the Standing Committee of the Third, fifth and sixth CPPCC National Committee.During the period of socialist construction, he was able to rise and fall under the arrangement of the Party organization and always completed the tasks given by the Party very seriously.As executive vice minister of the Ministry of Agricultural Machinery, he assisted Comrade Chen Zhengren in preparing for the establishment of the organization, and at the same time, he worked hard to study the professional knowledge of agricultural machinery. With his vigorous work style and bold use of talents, he realized the plan of building 800 agricultural machinery factories in a short period of time, and the quantity and quality of products were greatly improved.For China’s agricultural machinery industry “from repair to manufacturing” development made a contribution.In the “Cultural Revolution”, Li Yu was persecuted again by Kang Sheng, who ordered the rebels to drive Li Yu out of the Union Hospital and put him in the “cow shed”. In the situation of his own insecurity, He despised the clown and never wrote a proof against the facts against his will.By virtue of this responsible and solemn attitude, many good comrades were saved.After retiring from the leading line, he still cared about state affairs and the selection and appointment of cadres.He took time to collect, organize, write the history of the party, the eighth route army column history in shandong, shandong revolutionary history data, the eighth route army’s 115th division and regional war history in shandong, the Cu company mountain armed uprising “, “shandong people’s armed uprising and the establishment and development of shandong column”, “yi yimeng anti-japanese base areas and the deployment of the provincial party committee related to launch the anti-japanese armed uprising.These precious historical documents recorded the brilliant achievements of comrade Li Yu’s arduous revolution all his life, reflecting the moral character and spirit of a Communist who is highly responsible for the real history.After Li Yu’s death, Hu Yaobang, Deng Xiaoping, Li Xiannian, Peng Zhen, Deng Yingchao and others attended the farewell ceremony. The State Council, the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), the General Office of the CPC Central Committee and other units laid wreaths.The central literature publishing the Li Yu HuaChuan “in the last picture is very striking: above the babaoshan revolutionary cemetery Li Yu ashes was laid, bright side to the right of the party with eye-catching 30 characters:” Li Yu to offer his life without reservation to the communist party of China and the Chinese people’s liberation.”This is how the Party and the people appraise his life.