I think of Princess Wencheng when I walk along the Ancient Tang Road

2022-05-26 0 By

In late May 2020, I drove with my wife from Lhasa, Tibet to Xining, Qinghai province, and had the honor to walk along an ancient Tang Tibetan Road.The Tang-Bo Ancient Road was an ancient post road between the Tang Dynasty and the Tubo kingdom more than 1,300 years ago.Starting from Chang ‘an in the east and ending in Lhasa in the west, it spans more than 3,000 kilometers and is divided into two sections spanning shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan and Tibet.The eastern section was in the territory of the Tang Dynasty, while the western section ran from Xining to Lhasa, mostly in Qinghai.This ancient road extends to Nepal and India, and is also known as the “South Silk Road”. In the long years, the original appearance of the Tang and Tibetan ancient Road has long been blurred.As self-driving road, now the Tang Fan road is a splicing line.From Lhasa, we followed national Highway 109 to Naqu, then entered National Highway 317, then transferred to National Highway 214, and finally arrived in Xining.It took five days to travel about 2,000 kilometers.Along the way through Lhasa to Naqu landscape belt, Qiangtang grassland landscape belt, Yangtze River source landscape belt, Kunlun Mountain landscape belt, Qinghai Lake landscape belt.All the way like a slowly unfolding picture of a thousand miles.Walking along this thousand-year-old road with great driving pleasure, enjoying the spectacular and slightly desolate plateau grasslands and gobi scenery, it naturally brings my mind back to the tang dynasty political marriage between Tibet and Songtsen Gambo more than 1380 years ago when Princess Wencheng entered Tibet and married songtsen Gambo.Songtsan Gambo was the 33rd zan Jin of The Tubo dynasty and a great talent and general figure in Tibetan history.In 634, the 17-year-old Songtsan Gampo sent an envoy to the Tang Dynasty and insisted on marrying a Tang princess.Emperor Taizong li Shimin disagreed.Songtsan Gampo sent his troops to defeat Tuyuhun, Dangxiang, and Banqiang, and pushed them all the way to Songzhou of the Tang Dynasty, where he proposed marriage again.For the sake of peace on the border, Emperor Taizong reluctantly agreed.Xia Zhao temporarily conferred the title princess Wencheng and married Songtsan Gambo on her 16-year-old imperial daughter.In the first month of the fifteenth year of The Reign of Emperor Zhenguan (641 AD), Emperor Taizong of the Tang dynasty ordered Li Daozong, the minister of Rites, to escort Princess Wencheng to Tibet to get married.Tang Fan road, especially the western section of the mountain high road risk, severe weather, walking is still very difficult.Princess Wencheng and her companions not only have to experience the fatigue of trekking mountains and rivers, but also to overcome the suffering of altitude hypoxia.It is said that princess Wencheng set out from Chang ‘an on the 15th day of the 1st lunar month in 641 AD, and when she entered Qinghai province, she had been posted in Chiling (now Huangyuan County Riyue Mountain). Princess Wencheng broke the “Sun and moon treasure mirror” and cut off her love for her family in her hometown, and embarked on the road to the west without turning back.He arrived in Lhasa in 643 AD and traveled for more than two years.Princess Wencheng lived in Tubo for 40 years after she married Songtsan Gambo.He faithfully carried out the mission of peace and kinship entrusted by the Tang court, making great contributions to the unity of the Han and Tibetan ethnic groups and being praised for generations to come.But it was, in the final analysis, a political marriage.And princess Wencheng is the victim of this political marriage, among which the sour, sweet, bitter and hot only she herself knows…In the annals of Chinese history, harmony took place in various dynasties.Although some out of voluntary, some out of helplessness, but ultimately is the ruler to temporarily postpone the outbreak of war, the other side of the goodwill and coziness.With a girl’s thin power, for the peaceful integration of the two ethnic people to build a bridge, this is also a reflection of the weak economic strength and comprehensive national strength.Today, I’m driving on the Tang Dynasty Ancient Road, and I’m glad we live in this era [victory]