New archaeological discovery!It is highly probable that the ancient Gurmi kingdom existed
According to the State Administration of Cultural Heritage, the final evaluation of 2021’s top 10 new archaeological discoveries began on March 28, and the final results are expected to be announced on March 30.Shanxi Yuanqu North White Goose Cemetery:Confirm the zhou dynasty the latest archaeological place “Wang Qing fiefdoms” 20 archaeological project to compete, covers the prehistoric to the yuan and Ming dynasties of tang and song dynasty, the xia archaeology has 6 contestant, which including shanxi YuanQu north white geese cemetery, the cemetery unearthed the zhou dynasty women cosmetic box, equipped with “wine” bronze pot and shaped like a cat foot ornaments, caused a boom.Beibai Goose tomb is located in Beibai Goose Village, Yuanqu County, Yuncheng City, Shanxi Province. From April 2020 to now, shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology and other units have carried out comprehensive archaeological work on the cemetery.It has been confirmed that the cemetery covers an area of 200,000 square meters and the main body of the cemetery is the remains of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty.Archaeological excavations in the past two years have revealed 39 tombs, 42 ash pits, 2 chariot pits, 1 horse pit and 2 pottery kilns, all dating back to the early Spring and Autumn Period.About 550 groups and 3,500 pieces of cultural relics have been unearthed, including the earliest remnants of fruit wine and cosmetics in East Asia, as well as gold ornaments shaped like cat’s feet.The bronze tiger pattern POTS and bronze yongzhong reflect the cultural exchanges between the Central Plains and the Rong nationality in the northwest and the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River.Among the unearthed relics, more than 140 bronze ritual vessels have attracted the attention of archaeological experts. Among them, the combination of 7 ding and 6 GUI and 6 ding and 6 GUI shows that the tomb owner reached the rank of a vassal.The 59 sets contain 17 inscriptions, which involve the names of officials, people and nations. The number and richness of the unearthed inscriptions are relatively rare in the same period, which is the most important archaeological discovery of this time.Yang Jiyun, head of the Project of Yuanqu North White Goose Cemetery in Shanxi Province, said: “According to the inscriptions on the bronze ware, it can be inferred that it is the family cemetery of” Taibao 匽 Zhong “in chengzhou Fiefdoms, which is another” Wang Qing fiefdoms “found in Wangji besides Guo and Rui.Fief, is the zhou dynasty rulers as a salary to the hereditary territory of the qing.As a large cemetery with rich connotation and relatively complete preservation, the archaeological excavation of Yuanqu Beibai Goose cemetery provides precious historical data for the study of the fief system, cultural exchange and political pattern evolution during the two-week period.The zhouyuan site in Baoji, Shaanxi province, which was selected as one of the country’s top 10 archaeological sites in 2021, has finally discovered and confirmed the large architecture of the Early Zhou Dynasty and the site of the City of the Western Zhou Dynasty through nearly two years of archaeological excavation.It is reported that the Zhouyuan site is the largest site of the Early Zhou and Western Zhou dynasties. However, for a long time, no high-grade buildings of the early Zhou culture have been found, and whether there is a city site in the Western Zhou Dynasty has not been determined, so the nature of the site cannot be determined.From 2020 to 2021, the shaanxi provincial institute of archaeology institute, Peking University institute of archaeology wenbo, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences archaeological research institute of the team, after two years, for the first time discovered the first week period large rammed earth construction base, 38 meters wide from east to west, north and south about 58 meters long, with a total area of more than 2200 square meters, the size and shape of the clear,For the first zhou period of the most.The discovery provided important data for shudan Dadan to King Wen of Zhou, and the governing center in the early Zhou period.The archaeological excavations in the past two years have also uncovered a small town in the early Western Zhou Dynasty, a great city and a gate in the late Western Zhou Dynasty. The great City covers an area of 5.2 million square meters, making it the largest known site of the Western Zhou Dynasty.However, it is recorded in the documents that the ancient Gongdad migrated to qi and changed the name of the country to Zhou. When he arrived at King Wen of Zhou, three generations of Zhou people lived in this locality. After shang was destroyed, Zhouyuan would still be the site of zhou people’s ancestral temple.Archaeological evidence suggests that Zhouyuan was probably the most important capital of the Western Zhou Dynasty, which is expected to change the traditional view that zhou people lived in a “diaspora” here for 2,000 years.According to reports, as early as 1976 zhouyuan site began the first large-scale archaeological excavation, since then, unearthed thousands of bronzes, is considered to be the important birthplace of Chinese ritual and music civilization.In recent years, excavations and investigations have gradually revealed that “Gumi Kingdom”, which is only recorded fragmentary in historical books, is very likely to exist.According to the introduction, zhejiang qujiang west Zhou high grade mound tomb group, has been detected to the area inside 10 large mound tomb.With approval from the State Administration of Cultural Heritage, four of them will be excavated by the Zhejiang Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology from 2018 to 2021.Tombs were stolen to varying degrees, still unearthed a large number of cultural relics, the shape of the tomb is gradually clear.The relatively complete mounds were all armored mukgo tombs, with burial chambers about 12.7 to 14.3 meters long and 6.2 to 8 meters wide.In particular, mugwakgo became the earliest example in China.Experts said that the high-grade mound tombs of the Western Zhou dynasty in Qujiang, with complex construction techniques and bright local colors, are the largest and highest grade mound tombs of the Western Zhou Dynasty in the Jiangnan region, indicating that there should be an ancient political entity in the region.While excavating cultural relics, archaeological experts also carried out investigations and exploration around the tombs, and discovered a city site of the Western Zhou Dynasty and 13 other sites. A large site pattern covering the city site, high-grade tombs and general settlements was initially revealed.Expert introduction, more than 3000 years ago in the Shang and Zhou dynasties, the birth of a mysterious ancient country in central and western Zhejiang Gu Mi country, but gu Mi country in the historical literature only sporadic records.Based on the evidence of large sites, unearthed cultural relics and literature records, experts preliminarily judged that Gumi kingdom is very likely to exist, and the high grade mound tombs of Zhou dynasty in the west of Qujiang River are very likely to be the royal tombs of Gumi Kingdom.These archaeological discoveries provide a new historical clue for the study of the formation of a unified multi-ethnic state in the Shang and Zhou dynasties.