Important!Henan Center for Disease Control and Prevention health risk alert in February

2022-06-13 0 By

During the Spring Festival, the population mobility increased greatly, and the pressure of COVID-19 prevention and control increased sharply in Henan Province.In addition, the province is in the midst of a high influenza season, and the risk of a combined pandemic with COVID-19 continues.The Henan Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention reminded residents to be on guard against COVID-19, influenza, norovirus diarrhea and non-occupational carbon monoxide poisoning incidents this month.The omicron mutant strain of COVID-19 has spread widely around the world, and the global COVID-19 situation has once again entered a stage of rapid development, with multiple outbreaks hitting new highs.As of midnight on February 3, more than 380 million confirmed cases had been reported worldwide.With the Beijing Winter (disabled) Olympic Games opening today and the Spring Festival holiday half over, the flow of people returning to their hometowns is increasing, and China is facing greater pressure to prevent imports from abroad and rebound from home.Recently, local cases have been reported in Zhejiang, Beijing, Tianjin and Shenzhen.Residents should remain vigilant, tighten the strings of epidemic prevention and control, and take necessary protective measures.Protective measures: 1. Actively vaccinated.People who have not yet received COVID-19 vaccine should complete the vaccination process as soon as possible. For those who have completed the vaccination process and are over six months old, they should get the booster shot as soon as possible.2. Pay attention to personal protection.Residents should wear masks to minimize unnecessary gatherings and maintain social distancing.Maintain good personal and environmental hygiene, wash hands frequently, ventilate frequently, pay attention to rest, pay attention to nutrition, build up the body.3. Monitor your own health.Pay attention to your own health. If you have fever, dry cough, fatigue and other symptoms, please wear a mask and go to a nearby medical institution with fever clinic in time. Take the initiative to report the illness, travel history and contact history to the doctor, so as to facilitate diagnosis and treatment.4. Plan your trip.At present, it is still a key part of epidemic prevention and control for people who travel across provinces and cities to report to the authorities as soon as possible.Please check local policies before you travel, register online in advance, and report to your community (village) as soon as you arrive at your destination.Those who intentionally conceal their illness or travel information (especially their travel history in medium – and high-risk areas, or their close contact with confirmed or suspected cases), thus causing the spread of the epidemic, will be held accountable by relevant authorities according to law.Influenza is an “ancient” acute respiratory infectious disease caused by influenza virus, mainly transmitted by droplets, clinical typical manifestations of protrusion chills, high fever, headache, body pain, weakness and other systemic poisoning symptoms, and respiratory symptoms are mild.The disease is usually self-limited and lasts 3 to 4 days.It is responsible for up to 650,000 deaths a year globally and has a huge impact on human health, making it the first infectious disease to be monitored globally.In the context of the current COVID-19 pandemic and the continuing emergence of novel Coronavirus variants, this adds to the uncertainty surrounding the development of the epidemic.Protection: 1. Get a flu shot.An effective measure to prevent and control influenza is to get vaccinated against influenza. According to the newly released technical guidelines for influenza vaccine vaccination in China (2021-2022), priority is recommended for the following groups :(1) medical personnel, including clinical treatment personnel, public health personnel and health quarantine personnel;(2) Participants and security personnel of large-scale events;(3) Vulnerable groups and employees in old-age care institutions, long-term care institutions, welfare homes and other places where people gather;(4) People in key places, such as teachers and students in nursery institutions, primary and secondary schools, detainees and staff in prison institutions;(5) Other people at high risk for influenza include home-based elderly people aged 60 and older, children aged 6-5 years, people with chronic diseases, family members and caregivers of infants younger than 6 months, and women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant during influenza season.Influenza vaccine can be given to people ≥6 months of age without contraindications.2. Maintain good personal hygiene.Wear masks, wash hands frequently, and try to avoid going to crowded places;After flu symptoms, cough, sneeze with tissue, towel, etc. cover mouth and nose, and then wash hands;Try to avoid contact with eyes, nose or mouth.Close contact should be avoided when family members are infected with influenza, especially when there are elderly people and patients with chronic diseases in the family.3. Prevention and control in key places.Kindergartens, schools, families, hospitals, factories, nursing homes and other collective units are prone to cluster outbreaks.Daily ventilation, cleaning and disinfection should be strengthened in these key places, and timely handling and reporting of any outbreak.Norovirus diarrhea can occur all year round, with a high incidence in winter and spring in China.In recent years, China has reported a number of outbreaks in domestic and foreign tour groups.It is usually acquired by eating or drinking food or water contaminated with norovirus, placing your finger in your mouth after touching contaminated objects or surfaces, or touching someone infected with the virus (such as caring for someone who is ill, sharing food or utensils with someone who is ill).Shellfish and seafood such as oysters and raw fruits and vegetables are also common sources of infection.Norovirus diarrhea is mainly mild, and the most common clinical symptoms are vomiting and diarrhea, followed by nausea, abdominal pain, headache, fever, chills and muscle pain. Most patients can recover after 2-3 days of symptoms.A few cases will develop into severe illness or even death. The elderly and young children are at high risk of severe illness or death.Protective measures: 1. Pay attention to food hygiene.Wash your hands frequently, especially before eating, after using the toilet, and before processing food.Don’t drink raw water;Do not eat undercooked food and unsterilized milk, shellfish and seafood such as oysters should be deeply processed after eating;Fruits and vegetables should be carefully washed before eating, do not eat unclean fruits and vegetables.2. Pay attention to normalization.Do not contact patients, patients vomit, excreta and their contaminated articles, the environment.Patients with norovirus enteritis should be isolated from the illness period to 3 days after recovery. Patients with mild symptoms can be isolated at home or in the outbreak institution, and patients with severe symptoms should be sent to a medical institution for isolation and treatment.By patients vomit or fecal contamination of the environment or an object’s surface, should be used by trained personnel or other effective cleaning and disinfection of the disinfectant chlorine disinfectants, and immediately took off and cleaning the contaminated clothing or bed sheets, etc., when cleaning disinfection should be wearing masks and rubber or disposable gloves, and careful cleaning and disinfecting hands after washing.With the cold weather in winter, the demand for heating by coal and natural gas increases, and the occurrence of non-occupational carbon monoxide poisoning has also entered a high period.Non-occupational carbon monoxide poisoning mainly occurs in homes, including homes with coal stoves, charcoal fires and other heating equipment, bathrooms or shower rooms with gas and gas water heaters, and kitchens with gas and gas cookers.Garages and basements with small oil and gas generators and enclosed air-conditioned cars are also at high risk.The clinical symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning are mainly related to the concentration of carbon oxygen hemoglobin in the blood.After mild and moderate poisoning, quickly escape from the toxic environment and timely rescue, generally without sequelae.The fatality rate of severe poisoning patients is high, and the survivors may have serious sequelae.Protection measures: 1. Pay attention to heating safety.Choose central heating if possible in cold season.When using gas, gas cookers or small oil and steam generators at home, good ventilation should be maintained. It is best to install carbon monoxide detectors and check and maintain them regularly.2. Take standardized treatment.In the event of non-occupational carbon monoxide poisoning, open Windows for ventilation immediately and move the victim quickly to a place with fresh air and good ventilation.Call 120 as soon as possible, as soon as possible hyperbaric oxygen chamber treatment;For critically ill patients with respiratory and cardiac arrest, artificial respiration and cardiac compression should be given immediately.Henan Center for Disease Control and Prevention reminds you once again that the current situation of epidemic prevention and control at home and abroad is severe and complex. Please maintain a high level of protection awareness, tighten the string of epidemic prevention and control, do not take chances, and remember that risks come from carelessness.Wear masks scientifically, wash hands frequently, ventilate frequently, avoid gathering, maintain safe social distancing, and form good hygiene habits. Do not go to medium-high risk areas unless necessary. Everyone should be the primary person responsible for his or her own health.Our contribution to the prevention and control of the epidemic is to receive novel coronavirus vaccine as early as possible and booster dose as soon as possible after 6 months, and to minimize the risk of infection.Let us join hands and work together to consolidate the hard-won achievements and usher in the final victory of the epidemic at an early date.(Source: Henan CDC) Original title: “Important! Henan CDC Health risk Alert in February”