Lu Lin academician remind: new crown outbreaks of human mental health influence continue for at least twenty years | resistance to disease

2022-06-17 0 By

Author | han wei in recent days by the “kechuang China” and the trill collaboration between large video knowledge columns “kechuang academician of the Chinese, to speak,” guest speaker, member of Chinese Academy of Sciences, psychiatry and clinical psychologists, the world health organization (who) COVID – 19 Lu Lin professor pointed out that global research expert group members, the outbreak of infectious diseases,Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can occur in more than 20% of medical staff, infected people and the general public.By the end of 2021, the COVID-19 pandemic had led to an additional 70 million people globally suffering from depression and 90 million suffering from anxiety, with a major impact on mental health that will last for at least two decades.Nearly one-third of the quarantined people suffer from depression, anxiety, insomnia or acute stress reactions. What kind of psychological health is it?Lu said mental health should be assessed from subjective well-being, self-efficacy, autonomy, talent, intergenerational relationships, and self-actualization of intellectual and emotional potential.
There are more than 400 mental disorders defined by the World Health Organization, common ones include depression disorder, anxiety disorder, bipolar disorder, sleep disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, eating disorder and so on.Among them, the incidence of depression disorder is high, about 7% in China, and more than 10% in some European and American countries.The prevalence of anxiety disorders is around 15% in many countries.20-30% of adults have sleep disorders, of which 15% require hospital treatment.According to Lu, a survey conducted between February and March 2020 on the impact of COVID-19 on public mental health showed that the incidence of post-traumatic stress disorder caused by the infectious disease pandemic was more than 20 percent;Many of the patients recovered physically, but suffered severe psychological effects;Most depressed people are in a worse mood in the morning and a little better in the evening.”Childhood and adolescence are critical periods for human growth and development, as well as important stages for psychological development.”Lu noted that surveys in early 2020 showed that the incidence of depression among children and adolescents was about 24 percent and the incidence of insomnia was 23 percent, significantly higher than before the epidemic.Half of adult psychological problems are developed from children and adolescents, such as school bullying, domestic violence and so on.”The maintenance of mental health and the prevention of psychological problems should start from teenagers, with early detection and intervention.”He called for.Staying up late may aggravate bad mood How to maintain good mental health?
Academician Lu Lin put forward several suggestions.
First, we should recognize the signs of psychological problems in time.For example, oral ulcer, palpitation, chest tightness and suffocating, stomach distension stomachache, appetite drop, may be caused by excessive pressure from work and life.In addition, high stress may also bring some psychological abnormalities, such as restlessness, inattention, memory loss, continuous low mood, loss of interest, depression…After people perceive their emotional changes, they need to take timely actions to moderate control to adjust their emotions, such as taking a vacation, communicating with family and friends, participating in sports activities, watching movies and so on, so as to improve the endurance of frustration.In addition, to regular work and rest, ensure adequate sleep and reasonable diet, adhere to physical exercise.Academician Lu suggested that primary school students sleep 10 hours a day, middle school students 9 hours a day, high school students 8 hours a day, and adults go to bed before 12 o ‘clock every night without staying up late.”It’s normal that we have some bad emotions in our lives that we can sleep through.If you stay up late, your bad mood may get worse and worse.When psychological problems occur, we must seek medical attention in time.””There are a lot of mental illnesses that respond very well,” he cautions. “Depression, for example, is 70 to 80 percent effective.”Author: Shanghai Association for Science and Technology