Where is Cambodia?The dynasties have paid tribute to our country for many times

2022-07-20 0 By

Cambodia is located in Indochina Peninsula. In clockwise direction, its land neighbors are Thailand, Laos and Vietnam.Cambodia covers an area of about 180,000 square kilometers, about the same size as Guangdong Province.Cambodia has a population of about 16 million and a per capita GDP of us $1,683 (2020), less than one sixth of That of China. Its population and economy have great potential.Cambodia has a tropical monsoon climate, and its people are short and dark. Most of their inhabitants live along rivers.Cambodia, known as Chenhla in ancient times, was unified into one kingdom during the Han Dynasty of China. From the Han Dynasty to the Ming Dynasty, Cambodia experienced four dynasties, Namely Funan, Chenhla, Angkor and Phnom Penh, which were also known as the Khmer Empire.In 617 AD (the 13th year of Emperor Yang daye of the Sui Dynasty), Zhenla sent envoys to tribute, emperor Yang’s gift was very thick.True la in the southwest of Linyi, is the country of the south.The king’s family name was Kshali and his name was Zhidusna.The capital is Yshena city with a population of 20,000 families.Throughout the country there were thirty large cities, each with thousands of households and each with a chief.When a king dies, he is not heir unless he is his wife.On the day of the founding of the new king, all brothers were mutilated, or the removal of a finger or the nose, and the thikes were removed from the royal court, and were not allowed to become officers.During the reign of Li Yuan, Emperor Gaozu of tang Dynasty (618-626), Zhenla sent envoys to tribute, which was still a vassal state of Funan.At that time, the real Wax people do not wear clothes, see those who wear clothes, laugh together.Tang yuan Zong Kaiyuan years (713-741 years), true la is divided into the south, north two countries, the south by the sea called water true la, 800 li;North inland called Lu Zhen la, the place 700 li.No matter land and water true la, have sent history into tribute tang Dynasty many times.In 1116 (the sixth year of The Reign of Emperor Huizong of the Song Dynasty), Zhenla sent envoys to tribute.At this time, Chen-la entered the Angkor dynasty and had more than 60 settlements in 7,000 li, with 200,000 war elephants and countless oxen and horses.True la hot climate, Tian Gu ripe, boiled sea for salt, rich customs.Chinla controlled The city of Cham In the northeast (modern central Vietnam), making the chinla Kings of cham and its vassal state.During the Song Dynasty, Zhenla paid tribute many times, including elephants.The Angkor Dynasty of the Khmer Empire reached its peak in the Song and Yuan Dynasties of China. It was the most glorious period of Cambodia. The center of the imperial civilization was tonle SAP lake, the largest lake in Southeast Asia.The capital, Angkor (today’s Siam ān Kern, Cambodia), was located in the geographic center of the empire, on the north bank of Tonle SAP Lake, between Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam and Bangkok in Thailand. At that time, the southern Part of Vietnam, namely the Mekong River Delta, and the Bay of Bangkok in Thailand, were the territory of the Khmer Empire.Between Tonle SAP lake and Mekong River, there is a tonle SAP river communication.In terms of water level, Tonle SAP lake is higher than the Mekong River in the dry season and supplies water to the Mekong River.During the rainy season, the Mekong river also rises fast, which in turn drains tonle SAP lake.The tonle SAP river in the middle is amazing, flowing in opposite directions from season to season.Cambodia has a tropical monsoon climate. Tonle SAP Lake is only 1 meter deep in dry season and covers a minimum area of 2,700 square kilometers, slightly larger than Taihu Lake, which feeds the Mekong River.During the rainy season, Tonle SAP is like a giant sponge, with a water depth of 10 meters and an area of 16, 000 square kilometers and a water storage capacity of about 80 cubic kilometers.The existence of Tonle SAP Lake ensured the development of a civilization through adequate irrigation and good weather in this area.In general, As a natural reservoir of The Mekong River, Tonle SAP Lake plays a similar role as Dongting Lake and Poyang Lake in regulating the Yangtze River, but its effect is more obvious.In 1295, Zhou Dachuan, a native of Wenzhou, Zhejiang province, went to Zhenla (The Khmer Empire) with a diplomatic mission. A year later, he returned to China and wrote Records of Zhenla’s Local Conditions. Although the book has only 8,500 words, every word is as brilliant as a book, which has left a valuable cultural heritage for modern people.Zhou Dachuan’s southward route started from Wenzhou, passed xinzhou of the occupied state (now Quy Nin, Vietnam), came to Zhenpu (now Tou Dun, Vietnam) in the lower reaches of the Mekong River, and then crossed the Tangyang (Tonle Sa Lake) across the Mekong River to Zhenla (Angkor).It took five months from February to July, and the next year the return voyage was made in a canoe, in July and August.According to the book, the weather in Zhenla is similar to that in The Central Plains in May and June all the year round. People living near The Danyang lake (Donglisha Lake) live in wooden houses with high feet. When the water rises, only the tops of the trees are left, and the residents move to the mountains.There is no rain in Tonle SAP lake from October to March, and the water depth is four to five feet. From April to September, during the rainy season, the water depth reaches seven to eight feet, about 20 times that of the dry season.Angkor has a 20-mile perimeter and a wide moat outside.The king went out riding an elephant. He had a sword in his hand, and the elephant had gold braces on its teeth.The army that accompanied them carried rattan shields in their left hand and spears in their right, but they had no armor or bows.Three hundred or five hundred maids-in-waiting held large candles burning during the day, and some were dressed as soldiers.Although the true La people have dark skin, there are many fair-skinned maidens in the palace, who live in the room for a long time without seeing the sun.Cambodian women, even the queen, wore ribbons around their waists to cover their lower bodies and bare their breasts.In the palace, there was one queen, four concubines, and three or five thousand palace ladies, no less than the three thousand harem ladies of the Central Plains dynasty.There were also a thousand or two thousand maidservants and maidservants who did rough work, but some of them lived outside the palace and all had husbands.AD 1371 (Ming Hongwu four years), real La sent history into tribute.Angkor Thom is a magnificent city in its 70s, with more than 30 palaces.True La people kill Ming people, pay for their lives;Ming dynasty people kill real La people, then fine, no gold, then sold atonement.The early Ming dynasty was the last glory of the Khmer Empire angkor Dynasty. After that, Siam (Thailand) in the west not only became independent from the empire, but also frequently invaded the western territory of the empire.In 1430, Siam attacked the Khmer Empire and captured the imperial capital Angkor.The Khmer Empire was forced to move east, moving its capital to Phnom Penh, where the Mekong and Tonle SAP rivers meet.The Khmer Empire, also known as the Angkor dynasty and phnom Penh Dynasty, was separated by this capital transfer, like the Western Zhou dynasty and the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, or the Northern Song dynasty and the Southern Song Dynasty in China.Phnom Penh was not as prosperous as Angkor, and although the west was largely locked in a stalemate with Thailand, it retained its territory, but the north was seceded by Laos, and the Mekong Delta in the southeast was occupied by Vietnam.Somehow, they managed to preserve lake Tonle SAP, the heart of their civilization.Cambodia was later overrun by Thailand, Vietnam, France and Japan to form its current territory, a scaled-down version of the Angkor Dynasty.